Clipped From Star Tribune
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Allen Dulles Warns 'New Look' Doesn't Change Russ Objectives Dulles I have always been impressed impressed at our seeming reluctance reluctance to give credence to official statements which are made by political leaders in other countries when we disagree disagree fervently with what they say or when their statements statements seem at the time to be bombastic or unrealistic. For example, Hitler's "Mein Karnpf," written in 1924, had a wide circulation in Germany and left a deep impression on the German people. Over here it received comparatively little little attention until after the outbreak of World War II. Yet in this book was the blueprint of the Hitlerian policy of the superiority of the Herrenvolk, of the manifest destiny of the German Reich, of the anti-semitic anti-semitic anti-semitic campaigns and of the whole trend of Hitlerism. SIMILARLY, I am afraid we i Americans do not pay as much attention as we should to what Communist leaders tell us about the techniques they intend to adopt to undermine undermine the structure of free government based on the rule of law. A great deal can be learned from the pronouncements of the 20th Party congress, held in Moscow in February 1956. This was an extraordinary affair. affair. Over a period of 12 days Soviet leaders poured out a cascade of verbiage the length of the speeches corresponding corresponding roughly to their respective respective positions in the present present Soviet hierarchy. From Khrushchev we had an eight-hour eight-hour eight-hour speech and roughly 56,000 words, from Bulganin four hours and 27,-000 27,-000 27,-000 words, from Mikoyan two hours and 14,000 words, and so on. The total amounted to some five to six million words which the patient party faithful faithful had to endure. The recent de-Stalinization de-Stalinization de-Stalinization program has rendered obso-; obso-; obso-; lete practically all of the history history books and many standard : textbooks used throughout the Soviet Union. Something has to replace these books and until the new historians can rewrite a proper Soviet his-. his-. his-. tory, the speechs of the Party EDITOR'S NOTE: Allen W. Dullen, director director of the central intelligence agency, submitted an analysis of current Communist Communist tactics to the house committee on un-American un-American un-American activities, Dulles and 120 other government officials, military leaders, educators, educators, journalists, labor officials and political political scientists are contributing statments for a symposium on the techniques of Soviet Soviet cold warfare. Following is a condensed text of Dulles report: fir i- i- & , J congress can serve as a textbook. textbook. WHILE WE read in these speeches that war is no longer inevitable, and that some kind of co-existence co-existence co-existence is possible, it is clear Soviet objectives remain remain basically unchanged, but, they say, can be achieved by new methods. The Communists propose to infiltrate our free legislative systems, to take over our parliamentary parliamentary governments and to use the freedom which our system of government gives to destroy all vestiges of that system. In the light of this clear warning of intent, it may be useful to review briefly some past examples of Communist attempts to subvert free governments. governments. Past Communist take-overs take-overs take-overs of free countries have generally generally featured most, if not all, of these four elements: The use of force from out side, or the overhanging threat of force. The obtaining by the Com munists through popular vote of at least an effective minor ity position. The willingness of other parties, most often the parties to the left, but in some cases even parties of the extreme right, to join in political alli ances and to admit Commu nists to key positions in t h e government. Communist manipulation of key ministries so non-Commu non-Commu non-Commu nist elements were driven out of positions of influence. The best example of this process is, of course, that of Czechoslovakia. A d d i t i o nal variants are found in the cases of Hungary and Poland, Ro mania and Bulgaria. j IN ALL OF these cases, except except for Czechoslovakia, the actual presence of Soviet forces on the spot played a decisive decisive role. In Czechoslovakia some of the same effect was obtained by the presence, just across the border, of strong Soviet forces and by the fact the Soviets previously occupied occupied Prague and many other important Czech centers and Khrushchev . Hitler Stalin I 1 ''It finite; v During all this period, Stalin Stalin had cultivated Benes and lulled him into a feeling of security as to Moscow's intentions. intentions. Meanwhile, the Communists Communists were building up their control of the Czech military forces, the trade unions and the internal security security policy. Finally, one of Moscow's principal "expediters," "expediters," Valerian Zorin, now Soviet Soviet ambassador to Bonn, was sent to Prague, and the minority minority Communist party seized power in February 1948 without firing a shot. 0. Benes Plenty of warning had been able, by their terrorist terrorist and infiltration methods, to gain a position of strength which far exceeded the numerical numerical representation in the pop-ulation pop-ulation pop-ulation at large. In fact, they prepared the way for the coup j before they evacuated their, troops in 1945. I Beginning in 1945, Moscow' exercised heavy pressure on the free Czech government headed by President Benes. Hoping to be able to work with the Kremlin and anxious to insure quick withdrawal of Russian troops, Benes went to Moscow in March of that year. He sought agreement on the forming of a coalition government government acceptable to the Soviets which would include some of the pro-Communist pro-Communist pro-Communist emigres who had been collected in Moscow during the war and who flooded back to their home country to play roles preassigned to them by the Kremlin. When the parliamentary government of Benes was actually actually reconstituted, anti-Communist anti-Communist anti-Communist forces were badly badly divided among four or more parties. The Communist party, as usual, presented a monolithic front. UNDER THESE conditions, elections of 1946 gave the Communists 38 per cent of the votes. Thus they became the largest single party, their leader Gottwald was named prime minister and the Communists Communists were able to take over certain key ministries, including interior, information information and finance, with a cryp-to-Communist cryp-to-Communist cryp-to-Communist cryp-to-Communist cryp-to-Communist in charge of defense. By Will And Liberal YOUR while AND FOUNDED IN 1922 i PATTl A nVT Trun-tM Trun-tM Trun-tM tnil wld for t MtuUr nt b th OHiito X IU AU y . commmn, 801 MmopollUn Blt ., Pid K. Ro, clitlmtn.